Morning Defence News Briefing 10 February 2020
DEFENCE & SECURITY NEWS AT A GLANCE
- Russia denies allegations on plan to create a military base in the Horn of Africa.
- Lavrov, Mexico is evaluating an agreement with Rosoboronexport for helicopter supply.
- United Kingdom, decreasing people’s trust in the police.
- Germany, police operation against extreme right in Hesse, two arrests.
- Palestinian protests, Israel sends reinforcements to Jerusalem and the West Bank.
- Yemen, UN to cut aid to Houthi controlled areas.
- Yemen, Trump confirms killing leader Aqap al Rimi.
- Iraq-Russia, new prospects for strengthening military cooperation.
- Syria, 13 civilians and 67 fighters killed in battles in Idlib and Aleppo in 48 hours.
- Syria, Turkey excludes modification of Idlib demilitarized zone borders.
- India-Africa, Lucknow Declaration signed to intensify cooperation
US Navy plans to conduct hypersonic weapons test: The US Navy has unveiled its plans to conduct a new hypersonic weapons test in the coming months. Hypersonic cruise missiles (HCMs) use rockets or jets to provide aerodynamic lift and propulsion during flight. According to an analysis of the US Naval Institute, HCMs are able to travel faster than Mach 5—at least five times the speed of sound, around 5,800 km/h.
HCMs are similar to but faster than existing missiles, such as the subsonic Tomahawk missile, which can reach a speed of around 900 km/h. While HCM can carry conventional or nuclear warheads, they differ from existing missiles in three points.
- HGVs can maneuver during flight (hence they differ from the predictable path of ballistic-missile descent, they are more difficult to intercept, if even detected).
- Because kinetic energy is a function of the square of velocity, a one-kilogram object delivered can be more destructive than one kilogram of TNT.
- The low-altitude path helps mask HCMs; when coupled with the curvature of the Earth (it makes the systems almost invisible to early warning radars).
The US Army has also announced that it is close to develop and test new long-range strike weapons with plans to test a ground-based HCMs by 2023 and prototype a super-cannon with a planned range of 1.600 km.
The US army’s ground-launched HCM is expected have a range of 2.250 km and thus would have been banned under the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty between the US and Russia, which prohibits ground-launched missiles with ranges between 500 and 5,500 km.
EU unveils new accession rules: The European Union (EU) has streamlined the accession process over the status of two western Balkan countries that want to join the bloc. A number of countries like France, the Netherlands and Denmark have blocked the start of EU accession talks for North Macedonia and Albania, sustaining that their political systems require “further reform to meet EU standards”.
Germany, by contrast, has been long insisting that it’s in the EU’s strategic interest to include these Balkan states in the bloc. There is now a compromise on the table. The new deal gives all EU member states a role in vetting applicants and permits the EU to cut off negotiations if they slack on reforms.
US Security Council renews Central African Republic Arms embargo: The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has recently voted 13-0 to renew an arms embargo against the Central African Republic, with both UNSC countries China and Russia abstaining from the vote. The vote continued the prohibition against the supply or transfer of weapons and military equipment to the African country.
New UN Report signals similarities between weapons in Yemen and Iran: A UN panel of experts report has reported that Yemen’s Houthi Shiite rebels are receiving weapons parts with technical characteristics similar to arms manufactured in Iran, potentially in violation of a UN arms embargo.
The UN report also noted that it considered “unlikely” that the Houthis were behind a September 14 attack against two major oil installations in Saudi Arabia for which they claimed responsibility.
Myanmar increases artillery and airstrikes in Rakhine State: The Myanmar Army has reportedly responded to escalating insurgent attacks in Myanmar’s western Rakhine state with increased airstrikes and the deployment of heavy multiple rocket launchers (MRLs) in support of a reinforced infantry presence across the state.
DEFENCE & SECURITY SYSTEMS
India’s DRDO unveils plans to develop an extended-range variant of Prahaar CRBM: India’s state-run Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has announced its plans to develop an extended-range variant of its Prahaar close-range ballistic missile (CRBM) system.
The system, which has a 200 km-range, is a tactical surface-to-surface ballistic missile developed to meet the requirement of the Indian armed forces. The CRBM has a length of 6.7m vs 7.32m of the old system and is 0.38m vs 0.42m in Diameter, while the weight of both the CRBM stands at 1.3 tonnes and carriers a 200kg payload. The system has an accuracy of CEP <20 meters, according to open sources.
Raytheon, Lockheed JV and BDL to develop anti-tank Javelin missile system in India: Raytheon and Lockheed Martin’s Javelin Joint Venture have signed a new memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Indian company Bharat Dynamics (BDL) for exploring co-production of the Javelin anti-tank missile system in India.
Javelin is a one-man-portable and platform-employed anti-tank and multi-target precision weapon system and is currently used in 18 countries.
DEFENCE EVENTS AND CONFERENCES
Now in its thirteenth year, the Border Security conference has established itself as a market leader in this sector and will bring together senior military staff, government figures and industry from around the world, all responsible in their own way for enhancing border security capabilities on a global scale.
Following last year’s sell-out event, the conference agenda has been curated to provide you with most timely updates and significant briefings. Unlike other events, we strive to deliver real insight and learning experiences through the expertly selected speakers who will only present on exclusive and current content.
Key Focuses Include:
Automated International Border Control Systems and Associated technologies (AI etc.)
Mitigating European Refugee and Migrant Crisis/Protection of EU External Borders
International Cooperation, Information sharing and Communication on countering cross border threats
Security Management Systems (SeMS) in Aviation Security
Biometrics/vs Biometric Free border controls
Preventing the use of fraudulent documentation
Discover more Military, Defence and Security Events
QUESTION OF THE DAY
Will Irish Elections Lead to a re-unification of Ireland?
After Saturday’s vote in Ireland, the nationalist Sinn Fein party could form parts of governments in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland for the first time in history.