The Russian Army has deployed in the Arctic on the archipelago of Novaya Zemlya, the third in a row radar complex Resonance-N (Резонанс-Н) radar, Russian State Media announced on 20 November.
According to a statement, the system, developed by CJSC (Research Center RESONANCE), will be able to detect ballistic missiles, as well as cruise missiles, hypersonic targets and aircraft created using the stealth technology under the conditions of electronic counteraction and natural interference.
Russian authority said that the radar system is already on and is operating in test mode.
In the near future, the system will be transferred to the units of the radio engineering troops of the 45th Army of the Air Force and Air Defense, which is part of the Northern Fleet.
In total, Russian air defence in the Arctic region should soon acquire four such resonances Resonance-N.
The system was specially modernized to operate in the Arctic.
It is expected to enhance the combat capabilities of the anti-aircraft group in the Arctic region, to defend from a potential enemy strike in areas of the Urals, Siberia and Central Russia.
Defence Insight Analysis
The Resonance-N radar can detect and issue target designations for aerodynamic air targets at ranges up to 600 km, for ballistic targets – up to 1200 km. It is expected to discover targets at altitudes of up to 100 km.
The system features a phased antenna array that significantly expands the capabilities of the radar, and the locator can automatically exchange data with other radars.
The radar station fits on a site measuring 100 by 100 meters. It controls the airspace around in a circular mode, with a 360-degree view.
The station is equipped with a friend-or-foe target recognition system and can operate stably both at the lowest and highest air temperatures, with wind speeds up to 50 m/s.
The radar is capable of tracking over 500 targets, providing early warning of an air attack and providing information about the air situation to aviation and anti-aircraft defence systems during combat operations.
A key feature of the radar is the absence of rotating antennas, which are usually used to provide all-round visibility. The system used electronic means of space control. This significantly reduces the energy supply necessary for the operation of the system.
The radar is capable of operating at temperatures from −40 to + 50°C and requires a power of kW 50-100.
The radar developed on a modular basis, have a low cost of production due to the subsequent assembly of special containers.
According to open sources, the radar does not lose effectiveness in conditions of electronic counteraction or strong natural interference.
Russia expects to begin in 2020 regular deliveries of Resonance-NE to the Middle East.