Russia to deploy in Kaliningrad the second Container new-generation over-the-horizon radar (OTHR), to detect launches of hypersonic missiles at the distance of up to 3,000 km.
Russia is planning to deploy the network of container-type radars (russian: ’29Б6 Контейнер’) to provide early detection of airborne threats over its entire territory and beyond its borders. The radar will be able to monitor the airspace of the entire territory of Europe, including the UK.
Among other locations, Russia also plans to deploy OTHR radar stations in the Arctic region.
The over-the-horizon station will be monitoring the airspace and detection of all types of aerodynamic targets, including aircraft, helicopters, UAVs and cruise missiles. The system integrates Voronezh-type radar, which is designated to track the launches of ballistic missiles towards Russian territory.
The system consists of two separate antennas arrays one for the transmitter and one for the receiver. The transmitter antenna array has 36 re-configurable masts and is 440 m wide. The receiver antenna array contains 144 antenna masts, each 34 m high. The array has three sections: The inner section is 900 m wide with a 7 m spacing between masts, and the two outer sections are each 200 m wide with a 14 m spacing. The total array width is 1300 m.
The signal bounces off the ionosphere like from a mirror, to see everything that is going on beyond the horizon.
The first Container OTHR radar was deployed in the Mordovia region in December 2013.