The 5 major arms exporters in the world
Who are the major arms exporters from 2015-2019? Overall global arms exports rose of about 6 per-cent in the last 5 years compared to the period 2010-2014 and increased by 20 per-cent since 2005-2009.
1. United States of America
From 2015-2019, the U.S. contributed to about 35 per-cent of world’s arms exports. The U.S. delivered 76 per-cent more defence supplies than the runner-up Russian Federation.
Weapon exported include combat aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), anti-tank missiles, naval gun systems and missiles, sensors, engines, and guided weapon systems. In particular, combat aircraft accounted for more than half of the total arms exported by the U.S. during the 2014-2018 period.
Russia was the second-largest arms exporters in the last 5 years. Even though arms exports decreased by about 18 per-cent, Russia remains the second-largest arms exporter.
The Kremlin transferred major weapons to 48 nations during the last five years, with India, China, and Algeria being the biggest importers.
It appears that Moscow lost traction in sales to India, which is the main long-term recipient of Russian defence systems. The decrease however was offset by the increase weapons exports to Egypt and Iraq.
France, with an increase of 72 per-cent in arms export ranks as the third largest exporter worldwide.
Paris delivered defence systems and weapons to 78 countries around the world during the last five years, among which Egypt was the biggest importer, followed by India and Saudi Arabia.
French defence exports is supported by a large number of domestic arms manufacturers including Airbus, Thales, Safran, Eurocopter, Dassault Aviation, Constructions Mécaniques de Normandie (CNM), DCNS, Nexter Systems, and Arquus.
Germany’s arms exports increased by 17 per-cent, accounting for 5.8% of the global total.
Germany exported mostly OPV-80 patrol vessels, Type-214 submarines, Leopard main battle tanks (MBTs), and MTU diesel engines.
Germany’s arms exports went to 36% Asia and Oceania, 26% within Europe, 24% Middle East, 11% the Americas and 8.3% to Africa.
Aircraft accounted for the majority of Madrid’s exports, followed by naval vessels and sensor systems.
Among the major Spanish arms exporters there are Navantia, General Dynamics European Land Systems, Indra Sistemas (Indra), and Sociedad Anonima De Electrónica Submarina (SAES).